Producerea energiei electrice si termice:
Prezentare Furnizori
   
 
   
   
 
   

 

BARAJE SI HIDROCENTRALE

 

CELE MAI MARI CENTRALE HIDROELECTRICE

THE BIGGEST HIDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS:

1. Three Gorges (China)- in constructie / Fluviul Albastru ( Yangtze )

2. ITAIPU (Brazilia-Paraguay) - Parana - 12.600 MW

3. Grand Coulee (SUA) - Columbia - 6.500 MW

4. Sayano Shushenskaya (Rusia) - 6.400 MW

 

 CELE MAI MARI BARAJE:

nume rau / tara

inaltime

( m )

 

capacitate

(mil.mc)

anul finalizarii constructiei

Rogun Vakhsh, Tajikistan
335
 
11,600
1985
Nurek Vakhsh, Tajikistan
300
 
10,500
1980
Grande Dixence Dixence, Switzerland
285
 
400
1962
Inguri Inguri, Georgia
272
 
1,100
1984
Vaiont Vaiont, Italy
262
 
169
1961
Manuel M. Torres Grijalva, Mexico
261
 
1,660
1981
Tehri Bhagirathi, India
261
 
3,540
UC
Alvaro Obregon Mextiquic, Mexico
260
 
n.a.
1926
Mauvoisin Drance de Bagnes, Switzerland
250
 
180
1957
Alberto Lleras Orinoco, Colombia
243
 
1,000
1989
Mica British Columbia, Canada
243
 
24,670
1972
Sayano-Shushenskaya Yenisei, Russia
242
 
31,300
1980
Ertan Yangtze/Yalong, China
240
 
5,800
1999
La Esmeralda Batá, Colombia
237
 
815
1975
Kishau Tons, India
236
 
2,400
1985
Oroville Feather, Calif., U.S.
235
 
4,299
1968
El Cajón Humuya, Honduras
234
 
5,650
1984
Chirkey Sulak, Russia
233
 
2,780
1977
Bhakra Sutlej, India
226
 
9,870
1963
Luzzone Brenno di Luzzone, Switzerland
225
 
87
1963
Hoover Colorado, Ariz.-Nev., U.S.
223
 
35,154
1936
Contra Verzasca, Switzerland
220
 
86
1965
Mratinje Piva, Herzegovina
220
 
880
1973
Dworshak North Fork Clearwater,  Idaho, U.S.
219
 
4,259
1974
Glen Canyon Colorado, Ariz., U.S.
216
 
33,304
1964
Toktogul Naryn, Kyrgyzstan
215
 
19,500
1978
Daniel Johnson Manicouagan, Canada
214
 
141,852
1968
Keban Firat, Turkey
210
 
31,000
1974
Zimapan Moctezuma, Mexico
207
 
n.a.
1994
Karun Karun, Iran
205
 
2,900
1976
Lakhwar Yamuna, India
204
 
580
1985
Dez Dez, Abi, Iran
203
 
3,340
1963
Almendra Tormes, Spain
202
 
2,649
1970
Berke Ceyhan, Turkey
201
 
n.a.
2000
Khudoni Inguri, Georgia
201
 
n.a.
n.a.
Kölnbrein Malta, Austria
200
 
205
1977

 

 
The Itaipú Hydroelectric Power Plant was the largest development of its kind in operation in the world. Built from 1975 to 1991, in a joint development on the Paraná River, Itaipú represents the efforts and accomplishments of two neighboring countries, Brazil and Paraguay. The power plant's 18 generating units add up to a total production capacity of 12,600 MW (megawatts) and a reliable output of 75 million MWh a year.

The magnitude of the project also can be demonstrated by the fact that in 1995 Itaipú alone provided 25% of the energy supply in Brazil and 78% in Paraguay. The Spillway is located on the right bank, and it has 14 segmented sluice-gates with a total potential discharge rate of 62,200 cubic meters per second (twice that of the highest flood-level on record).

The volume of iron and steel utilized in the Dam structure would be enough to build 380 Eiffel Towers, and the volume of concrete used in Itaipú represents 15 times the volume utilized to build the Channel Tunnel between France and England. Itaipú is one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, according to a worldwide survey conducted by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). The article says that " To build [the Itaipú Dam], workers reenacted a labor of Hercules: they shifted the course of the seventh biggest river in the world (Parana´ River, at the Brazil/Paraguay border) and removed more than 50 million tons of earth and rock." According to the magazine, "the true marvel of Itaipú, though, is its powerhouse... a single building that puts out 12,600 megawatts -- enough to power most of California".

 

 

 

   
   

 




Copyright Energie-Gratis.ro Toate drepturile Rezervate.